ʻO ke au hoʻomohala a me nā manawa e hiki mai ana o ka ʻoihana aniani fiber

2021-08-03

1. Hoʻomohala moʻolelo o ka ʻoihana fiber aniani

 

(1) Moʻolelo hoʻomohala o ka ʻoihana fiber aniani honua

 

  Glass fiber originated in the United States in the 1930s. In 1938, OC became the world's first olonā aniani company. It used platinum crucible to draw continuous glass fiber production technology, realized large-scale glass fiber production, and laid the foundation for the development of modern glass fiber manufacturing industry. During World War II, glass fiber was mainly used in the aviation industry, such as aircraft radomes and auxiliary fuel tanks. After World War II, glass fiber gradually extended to rocket engine shells, ship materials and other fields, and was gradually used in civil fields such as transportation, construction, wind power, and electronics.

 

  I ka makahiki 1958, ua alakaʻi ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka hana ʻana i ka fiber aniani ma o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke ʻano kiʻi kiln pool kiln, kahi i hoʻomaikaʻi maikaʻi ai i ka pae hana a me ka pono o ka fiber aniani. I nā makahiki 1960, me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻoihana, ua aʻo ʻia nā fibers aniani modulus kiʻekiʻe ma ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka haku mele aniani. Ma hope o nā makahiki 1970, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻano mea hoʻohālikelike i hoʻoikaika ʻia, ua hoʻomohala nui ʻia nā huahana fiber glass reinforced i nā mea hana.

 

(2) Moʻolelo hoʻomohala o ka ʻoihana fiber aniani o koʻu ʻāina

 

Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke kaʻina hana hoʻomohala o ka ʻoihana fiber aniani o koʻu ʻāina i ʻekolu mau pae:

 

A. ʻO ka pae mua: mai 1958 a 1988, ka manawa mua

 

  I ka makahiki 1958, i mea e hoʻokō ai i nā koi o ka National Defense Science and Industry, ua hoʻokomo ʻia ka 500-ton alkali-free glass fiber workshop o Shanghai Yaohua Glass Factory, e hōʻailona ana i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻoihana aniani o koʻu ʻāina. ʻōnaehana. I nā makahiki he 30 e hiki mai ana, ua hoʻokumu koʻu ʻāina i kahi ʻoihana fiberglass piha piha me nā ʻoihana fiberglass nui a me ka nui e like me Hangzhou General Glass Plant, Changzhou 253 Plant, Shaanxi Glass Fiber Plant, a me Chongqing Glass Fiber Plant e like me ka iwi kuamoʻo. . ʻōnaehana. I nā makahiki he 30 i hala iho nei, ua hoʻokumu nui ʻia ka ʻenehana fiber aniani o Kina ma ke kaha kiʻi uea pōpō.

 

B. ʻO ka lua o ka pae: 1989 a 2008, kahi manawa o ka ulu wikiwiki

 

  I ka makahiki 1989, ua hoʻokomo ka Zhuhai Fiberglass Plant no ka manawa mua i kahi hoʻonohonoho piha o ka ʻenehana a me nā mea hana no ka 4,000-ton-a-makahiki alkali-free aniani fiber kiʻi laina hana i loko o kahi kiln pool, a hoʻomaka i kahi huakaʻi hou no ka hana ʻana o pulu aniani ma ke ala kiln pool ma ko'u aina. I ka makahiki 1998, ua hoʻopau ʻia ka laina hana kiln pahu pahu pahu 7,500-ton mua loa o koʻu ʻāina me ka ʻenehana a me nā mea hana piha a hoʻokomo ʻia i ka hana ma ka Xinxing Glass Fiber Plant o Hangzhou Glass Group Co., Ltd. o ka ʻenehana hana a me nā lako a me ke kau ʻana i kumu no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻoihana fiber aniani o koʻu ʻāina. ʻO ke kumu. I ka makahiki 2004, ua kūkulu ʻo Kina Jushi i ka laina hana mua o ka home no ke kaha kiln wire me ka hoʻopuka makahiki o 60,000 tons. Ua hoʻomaikaʻi nui ʻia ka maikaʻi o ka laina hana a ua hoʻemi nui ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ikehu. Ua hōʻailona kēia i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻonui wikiwiki ʻana a me ka hana nui ʻana o nā ʻoihana fiber aniani nui ma koʻu ʻāina. I ka makahiki 2007, ua hiki i ka 1.6 miliona tons ka puka aniani o ko'u aina, i mua o ka honua; i ka makahiki 2008, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka fiber aniani o koʻu ʻāina a me ka nui o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana aku i helu mua ʻia ma ka honua.

 

C. ʻO ke kolu o ka pae: 2009 a hiki i kēia manawa, ka wā hoʻomohala makua

 

  Ma kahi kokoke i 10 mau makahiki o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana a me ka hana hou, ua hoʻokumu koʻu ʻāina i kahi ʻōnaehana kākoʻo piha no ke aniani fiber raw material, hana, a me nā mea hana, e hana ana i ke ʻano hana hana fiber glass me nā ʻano Kina. Ua lilo ka ʻoihana kīʻaha aniani o Kina i alakaʻi a me ka ʻenekini o ka ʻoihana hana ʻoihana aniani o ka honua. Ua hōʻea i ka pae honua alakaʻi i ka ʻenehana umu pahu pahu, ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ke aniani a me ka ʻenehana lapaʻau ili, ka ʻenehana a me ka noi ʻana i nā lako akamai, a me ka ʻenehana mālama ola. I ka makahiki 2019, ua helu ʻia koʻu ʻāina ʻo Glass fiber production no 65.88% o ka hana ʻana o ka fiber glass o ka honua.

 

2. Ke au hoʻomohala ʻoihana

 

(1) E hoʻomohala i nā laina hana pahu kiln nui, a me nā laina hana liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi e kū mālie i ka hoʻopau ʻia.

 

  He ʻelua kaʻina hana ka fiber glass: ke ʻano kiʻi kiln pool a me ke ʻano kiʻi crucible. ʻO ke ala kaha kiʻi uea crucible he haʻahaʻa nā koi no nā lako hana a me ka ʻenehana hana, haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, a me ka hoʻololi maʻalahi o ka unahi hana. No laila, hoʻohana pinepine nā ʻoihana fiber glass liʻiliʻi i kēia ʻano. Eia nō naʻe, pono e hana ʻia kēia ʻano hana ʻelua, paʻakikī ke kaʻina hana, nui ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ikehu a me ka pollution o ke kaʻina hana, a maikaʻi ʻole ka hana a me ka maikaʻi, no laila ua hoʻopau ʻia. ʻO ke kiʻina kiln pool kiln e helu ana i ka lakio o nā mea maka e like me ka haku mele ʻana o ka huahana aniani fiber e hana ʻia, a laila hoʻokomo i ka pauka maikaʻi o nā mea maka i loko o ke kīʻaha aniani e like me ka ratio, a hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i loko o ke aniani hoʻoheheʻe kiʻekiʻe. wela, a laila huki ʻia e ka mīkini kiʻi kiʻi uea holo kiʻekiʻe. ʻO ka uhi ʻana me ka mea nui, ʻo ka wai aniani e kahe ana mai ka pā perforated i ka ʻaoʻao o ka umu mua o ka pahu kiln i hana ʻia i ke aniani fiber precursor, a laila maloʻo, decomposed, wili, ʻoki ʻia, wili, ulana a me nā kaʻina hana ʻē aʻe e hana i nā ʻano like ʻole. a me nā waiwai o ke aniani aniani a me nā huahana fiber aniani.

 

  Ua hoʻopuka ka National Development and Reform Commission i ka "Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalog (2019 Edition)" i Nowemapa 2019, ka mea i hoʻokomo i ka "80,000 tons / makahiki a ma luna o ke aniani kīʻaha alkali-free roving (monofilament diameter> 9 microns) pool kiln drawing technology, 50,000 tons / Makahiki a ma luna o alkali-free aniani puluni wili (monofilament anawaena ≤9 microns) pool kiln kiʻi 'enehana, ultra-maikaʻi, kiʻekiʻe-ikaika, kiʻekiʻe-modulus, alkali-kūpaʻa, haʻahaʻa-dielectric, kiʻekiʻe-silica, degradable , kūikawā-ʻano kea-a me kekahi kiʻekiʻe-hana aniani puluniu A me aniani puluniu huahana 'enehana ulu a me ka hana' ana" i loko o ka paipai 'ana, a me ka "medium-alkali aniani puluni kiln kaha kiln nui emi malalo o 80,000 tona / makahiki (koe) non-alkali aniani puluniu roving pool kiln kiʻi laina hana laina; "Aia i loko o ka māhele kapu. ʻAʻole hiki ke kūkulu ʻia a hoʻonui ʻia ka laina hana fiber, a ʻo ke ʻano hana holoʻokoʻa o ka ʻoihana e hoʻomohala i kahi laina hana kiln kiln uea nui. ʻAʻole wale kēia e hoʻāʻo i ka ikaika kālā o nā mea hana fiber aniani, akā hāʻawi pū i nā koi kiʻekiʻe no ka hoʻolālā, kūkulu ʻana a me ka hana ʻana o nā pahu pahu pahu nui o nā mea hana fiber glass.

 

(2) Ke hoʻomau nei ka hoʻonui ʻana o nā wahi noi i lalo, a ua hoʻonui wikiwiki ʻia nā huahana

 

  He loulou koʻikoʻi ka ʻenehana noiʻi ʻenehana i ka hana ʻenehana a me ka hoʻololi ʻana o nā ʻoihana kuʻuna. Ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana koʻikoʻi o ka ʻoihana waiwai hou a me nā mea pani hou, ua hoʻonui nā mea fiber composite i kā lākou noi noi a me nā huahana i hoʻonui wikiwiki ʻia. ʻO nā ʻoihana e puka mai ana i loko o ka "Classification of Strategic Emerging Industries (2018)" o ka National Bureau of Statistics e loaʻa i kahi hanauna hou o ka ʻoihana ʻenehana ʻike, ʻoihana hana kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, ʻoihana waiwai hou, ʻoihana biological, ʻoihana kaʻa kaʻa hou. , ʻoihana ikehu hou, a me ka mālama ʻana i ka ikehu. He ʻeiwa mau ʻāpana o ka ʻoihana mālama kaiapuni, ʻoihana hana kikohoʻe, a me ka ʻoihana lawelawe pili. ʻO ke aniani fiber a me kāna mau huahana ʻaʻole wale i ka ʻoihana mea hou, akā hāʻawi pū kekahi i ka upstream maka lako lako no ka hanauna hou o ka ʻenehana ʻike ʻike, ʻoihana hana kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, ʻoihana kaʻa kaʻa hou, ʻoihana ikehu hou, a me ka mālama ʻana i ka ikehu. ʻoihana mālama kaiapuni. Me nā hiʻohiʻona o ka ikaika mechanical kiʻekiʻe, ka insulation maikaʻi, ka pale ʻana i ka corrosion maikaʻi, ke kaumaha māmā a me ka ikaika kiʻekiʻe, ua loaʻa mau ka fiber aniani i ke kahua o ke kaʻa kaʻa, ka māmā māmā, nā ʻili makani makani, nā kamaʻilio 5G, nā hale mālama ikehu, kiʻekiʻe. -puʻu paipu pahu, thermal insulation, etc. New noi.

 

(3) Ua hoʻonui mau ʻia ka ʻenehana kaʻina hana, a ua hoʻomaikaʻi maikaʻi ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ikehu no kēlā me kēia huahana a me ka nui o ka poho o ka platinum ma ka pā i nalowale.

 

  I nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua hoʻomau nā ʻoihana o ka ʻoihana i nā hana ʻenehana i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā pahu pahu pahu nui me nā helu hoʻoheheʻe kiʻekiʻe, logistic automation a me ka naʻauao, ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka wela, ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka pā leakage nui, ka hoʻololi ʻana a me ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana o ka mea hoʻololi, ke aniani maka. ʻike a me ka nānā ʻana, a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana. A me ka hoʻohui ʻana e hoʻoikaika i ka hoʻomaikaʻi mau ʻana a me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka ʻenehana kīwī kīwī kīwī home. ʻO ka hoʻomau mau ʻana o ka ʻenehana hana ma luna nei ua alakaʻi i ka hoʻonui mau ʻana o ka palena kiʻekiʻe o ka hiki o kahi kiln hoʻokahi, a ua hoʻemi nui ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ikehu huahana a me ka nui o ka pohō o ka poho platinum. ʻO ka nui o nā mea hana hana i loko o kahi kiln hoʻokahi ua hoʻemi nui ʻia, kahi i hoʻomaikaʻi maikaʻi ai i ka pono hana a me ka maikaʻi o ka huahana e hōʻemi i ke kumukūʻai o ke aniani aniani.

 

(4) Breakthrough in large-scale, low-cost production technology of carbon fiber and other reinforced fiber materials

 

  ʻO ke aniani fiber i kēia manawa ke kahua o ka fiber hana kiʻekiʻe me ka ʻenehana hana nui, haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, a ʻoi loa. Ma o ka hoʻomau ʻenehana ʻenehana, ua hoʻokō pinepine nā ʻoihana i ka ʻoihana i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe i ka mana hana o kahi pahu pahu hoʻokahi. ʻO ke kalapona kalapona a me ke aniani aniani he mau mea metala ʻole i loko o nā mea hou, a hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā mea ʻelua i mea hoʻoikaika i nā mea hana. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka fiber aniani, loaʻa i ka fiber carbon nā hiʻohiʻona o ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa, ka ikaika kiʻekiʻe a me ka modulus kiʻekiʻe. ʻO nā huahana carbon fiber nā huahana maʻamau me ke kuhikuhi kiʻekiʻe, a koi ʻia nā helu koʻikoʻi paʻakikī i ka wā o ka hana. No laila, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ke kalapona kalapona i nā māla huahana e koi ai i ka modulus ikaika kiʻekiʻe loa, e like me nā lau turbine makani nui, rockets, satellites, missiles, a me nā jet fighter. A me na moku a me na mea kaua oki loa a me na lako, na kalapu, na kookoo lawaia, na rakeke tennis, na rakeke badminton, na paikikala, na pou ski, na papa hau, na kia he'e nalu, na moku holo moku a me na mea lealea e ae.

 

  Me ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o nā lau makani makani a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ke kai, pono ia e ʻike hou i ka māmā, kiʻekiʻe-ikaika, kiʻekiʻe-rigidity, a me ka hopena o ka pale ʻana o nā lau, a ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka carbon fiber e hōʻike i kahi ʻano hoʻonui. .

 

  Pono ke kalapona kalapona e wāwahi i ka nui a me ke kumu kūʻai haʻahaʻa, e hoʻohana nui ʻia ka ʻenehana hana ʻenehana a me nā lako hana i ka ʻoihana hana. I kēia manawa, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ke kumukūʻai o ka fiber carbon ma mua o ka fiber glass, a aia kahi bottleneck ʻenehana no ka hana nui. No laila, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻololi i ke kūlana o ke aniani aniani i loko o nā mea i hoʻoikaika ʻia non-metallic i ka wā pōkole.

 

  Ma ke ʻano o ka insulation a me ka hawewe permeability, ʻokoʻa nā waiwai o ka fiber aniani a me ka carbon fiber. He maikaʻi ka hana insulation, non-conductivity, a me ka permeability hawewe maikaʻi; ʻO ka fiber carbon he conductivity maikaʻi a me ka pale electromagnetic maikaʻi. No laila, ma ke kahua o nā mea i hoʻohui ʻia e pono ai ka insulation a me nā waiwai hoʻoili nalu, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻololi i ka fiber glass.

 

3. ʻO ka hana fiber glass a me ke kūlana lawe mai a hoʻokuʻu aku

 

(1) Ka nānā 'ana i nā loli puka aniani

 

  Mai 2012 a 2019, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o ka hana aniani o ka honua mai 5.3 miliona tons a i 8 miliona tons, me ka awelika o ka ulu ʻana o ka hui ʻana o 6.06%; mai 2012 a hiki i 2020, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o ka home aniani fiber production mai 2.88 miliona tons i 5.41 miliona tons. ʻO 8.20% ka ulu ʻana o ka makahiki. ʻO ka hoʻonui mau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana o ke aniani fiber a me ka piʻi ʻana o ka mākeke o nā ʻoihana o lalo ke kumu kūpono o ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻoihana fiber glass.

 

  Wahi a ka ʻikepili a me nā ʻikepili o ka ʻikepili hoʻomohala mōʻaukala o ka ʻoihana fiber glass, ʻo ka awelika o ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻoihana aniani aniani honua he 1.5-2 mau manawa o ka ulu ʻana o GDP. Ua ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka ulu ʻana o ka hana kīʻaha kīʻaha home i nā makahiki he ʻumi i hala ma mua o ka ulu ʻana o ka ulu ʻana o ke aniani fiber hana honua, a ua hoʻomau ʻia ka piʻi ʻana o ka nui o ka hana home i ka hana honua. ʻO nā kumu nui: ʻO ka nui o ka ulu ʻana o ka GDP o Kina ma kahi o 6% i nā makahiki he ʻumi i hala, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka ulu ʻana o ka GDP honua. ʻO ka hoʻokele waiwai o Kina he ʻenekini ulu nui no ka hoʻokele waiwai honua, e alakaʻi ana i ka ulu ʻana o ka noi ma ka ʻoihana fiberglass downstream; Ua neʻe ka mana hana fiberglass honua i Kina, a ua hoʻonui nā nunui fiberglass kūloko i ka mākeke honua o nā hui fiberglass kūloko ma o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā ʻāina ʻē a me ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i nā laina hana hou. Ua hoʻokumu ka helu noho ʻana i kahi hopena pālākiō; ma lalo o ke aupuni nui a me nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā hou, hoʻopukapuka a me ke kūkulu ʻana i nā ʻoihana o ka makani makani, ka lawe ʻana, nā kamaʻilio uila, nā hale hoʻonani, nā paipu ʻoihana a me nā pahu i hoʻonui nui ʻia i ka noi no ke aniani aniani; ʻO ka pahu keʻokeʻo o Kina He nui loa ka mālama ʻana i nā mea minerala no ke aniani aniani e like me ka pōhaku, pyrophyllite, kaolin, limestone, a me ke one quartz, a loaʻa iā ia ka pono kūʻokoʻa o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka localized i ka hoʻolako ʻana i nā mea maka.

 

(2) Ka nānā 'ana i nā ho'ololi i ka nui o ka lawe 'ia mai a me ka ho'oku'u 'ia o ka fiber aniani a me kāna mau huahana

 

  Mai 2012 a 2019, ua hōʻike ʻia ka nui o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke aniani aniani a me kāna mau huahana i ka ulu mau ʻana, mai 1.2101 miliona tons a i 1.539 miliona tons, me ka awelika o ka ulu ʻana o ka hui ʻana o 3.49%. ʻO nā kumu nui o ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka nui o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i ka fiber aniani a me kāna mau huahana: Ua loaʻa i nā ʻoihana kūloko nā holomua i nā ʻano aniani, ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i nā mea kūʻai nui, ka hana fiber a me nā kaʻina hana ʻē aʻe. Ua wehe ʻia kekahi mau kikoʻī o nā fiber aniani hana kiʻekiʻe i nā mākeke ma waho; i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mea hana aniani fiber ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, Iapana, a me ʻEulopa, ua loaʻa i nā mea hana kīʻaha aniani o Kina nā minelala ʻO nā mea maikaʻi o ka localization o nā mea maka, nā koina hana haʻahaʻa, a me nā ʻoihana waiwai i hana i ke kumukūʻai hana o ke aniani fiber me ka haʻahaʻa. he hoʻokūkū ikaika ma ka mākeke honua. Hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka maʻi maʻi pneumonia lei aliʻi hou, e hāʻule ana ka nui o ka lawe ʻana i ka fiber aniani a me kāna mau huahana i 2020 i 1.33 miliona tons.

 

  Mai 2012 a i 2020, ʻo ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ka fiber aniani a me kāna mau huahana i helu ʻia no ka emi mau ʻana o ka nui o nā huahana kūloko mai 42.02% i 2012 a i 24.58% i 2020. ʻO ke koi ikaika o ka hoʻopukapuka kālā ma nā ʻano o ke kamaʻilio uila, ka hoʻonani hale, nā paipu ʻoihana a me nā pahu kaʻa i alakaʻi i ka ulu ʻana o ka noi aniani fiber home; ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ma muli o nā pōmaikaʻi o nā ʻoihana kīʻaha kīʻaha Kina i nā kumukūʻai hana, ʻEulopa, Turkey, India a me nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe a i ʻole nā ​​ʻāina i kau ʻia nā dumping anti-dumping a i ʻole countervailing duties ma fiberglass a me kāna mau huahana mai Kina, ka mea i loaʻa. pili i ka lawe ʻia ʻana o kekahi mau huahana fiberglass i kekahi mau ʻāina a me nā ʻāina i kekahi ʻano.

 

4. Nā manawa kūpono e kū nei i ka ʻoihana

 

(1) Kākoʻo i nā kulekele ʻoihana ʻāina

 

  ʻO ka ʻoihana waiwai ka ʻoihana kumu o ka ʻoihana aupuni. No ka hoʻoikaika a kākoʻo i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻoihana fiber glass, ua hoʻopuka ka mokuʻāina i kahi ʻano o nā kulekele ʻoihana e kākoʻo ikaika, e hana ana i kahi mākeke maikaʻi no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ʻoihana. ʻO "Made in China 2025" i hoʻopuka ʻia e Kina i ʻōlelo maopopo ʻia: "Me nā mea hana metala kūikawā, nā mea hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe, nā mea polymer hana, nā mea non-metallic inorganic kūikawā a me nā mea hoʻohui holomua e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana, e wikiwiki i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana. ʻO nā ʻenehana nui a me nā lako hana no ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i nā mea hou e like me ka waiho ʻana o ka mahu, ka hoʻoili ʻana i ka profile, a me ka hoʻohui kiʻekiʻe, e hoʻoikaika i ka noiʻi kumu a me ke kūkulu ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana, a wāwahi i ka bottleneck o ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana. Glass Fiber Association a me Composites Association i hoʻopuka "Fiber Composite Materials Industry" ʻumikūmākolu ʻelima-makahiki Plan" "Development Plan", ka mea maopopo e "hoʻoikaika i ka ulu ana o kiʻekiʻe-performance aniani puluniu, e kālele ana ma luna o ka ulu ana o ka hana aniani puluniu e like me alkali. -ʻae, haʻahaʻa-dielectric, pālahalaha, nā mea uila uila maikaʻi loa a me nā lole uila uila, a wikiwiki i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā ʻenehana hana akamai a me ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo. , No ka hoʻoikaikaʻana i ka hoʻouluʻana i nā fibers aniani modulus kiʻekiʻe a me ka thermoplastic composite material. e like me nā fibers hana kiʻekiʻe a me nā mea hao non-metallic holomua, a komo mālie i ka ʻōnaehana kūʻai kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka honua."

 

  Ua hoʻopuka koʻu ʻāina i ka "Classification of Strategic Emerging Industries (2018)" a ua papa inoa i nā huahana aniani a me nā fiber glass ma ka "Classification of Strategic Emerging Industries" catalog. Ke manaʻo nei ka "Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalog (2019 Edition)" e hoʻohui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka ultra-fine, kiʻekiʻe-ikaika, kiʻekiʻe-modulus, alkali-resistant, low-dielectric, kiʻekiʻe-silica, degradable, a me ke ʻano kūikawā. ʻenehana pauku no nā pulu aniani kiʻekiʻe a me nā huahana aniani. Hoʻokomo ʻia ka hana i loko o ka māhele paipai ʻia. Ke papa inoa nei ka "Buiding Catalog for the First Batch of Application Demonstration of Key New Materials (2019 Edition)" kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe silica fiber fiber, boron-free kiʻekiʻe-performance fibers, electronic grade ultra-fine glass fibers, a me HS6 aniani ikaika kiʻekiʻe. nā fiber ma ke ʻano he kumu hoʻolālā koʻikoʻi. ʻO ka hoʻokomo ʻana o ka moʻolelo o luna o nā kulekele paipai ʻoihana ua hāʻawi i nā alakaʻi kulekele maikaʻi a me nā hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻoihana no ka hoʻomohala olakino o ka ʻoihana fiber glass, a ua lawe mai i kahi hopena maikaʻi i ka hana hoʻomau a paʻa o nā ʻoihana i ka ʻoihana.

 

(2) ʻO ka manaʻo aupuni o ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo, haʻahaʻa-carbon, pōʻai, a me ka hoʻomohala hoʻomau e hoʻoikaika i ka hoʻomohala ikaika o kekahi mau wahi o lalo o ka fiber aniani.

 

  Manaʻo koʻu ʻāina: "E kākoʻo i ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo, haʻahaʻa-carbon, circular, a me ka hana hoʻomau a me ke ʻano o ka nohona, e hoʻoikaika i ka 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development ma ke ʻano kaulike, a hoʻomau i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ala hoʻomohala civili e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻomohala ʻana, kahi ola pōmaikaʻi, a kaiaola maikaʻi." E hoʻonui kēia i ka hāʻawi kūʻokoʻa o ka ʻāina. E hoʻokō mākou i nā kulekele a me nā ana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, e hoʻoikaika e hōʻea i ka piko o ka carbon dioxide i ka makahiki 2030, a e hoʻoikaika e hoʻokō i ka neutrality carbon ma 2060. Hoʻemi ʻia ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka wahie fossil, hoʻomohala ikaika i ka ikehu maʻemaʻe, a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka huakaʻi ʻōmaʻomaʻo. pae o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala aupuni. Ma kēia pōʻaiapili, ua piʻi nui ka hoʻolilo ʻana i ka mana makani, ke kaʻa kaʻa kaʻa, ka ʻupena kaʻaahi kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, a me ka hoʻololi māmā o nā kaʻa. Ua piʻi like ke koi holoʻokoʻa no ka fiberglass upstream a me kāna mau huahana, no laila ke hoʻokele nei i ka fiberglass a me kāna mau huahana. ʻO ka hoʻomohala wikiwiki o ka ʻoihana huahana.

 

(3) Me ka hoʻolaha nui ʻana o ka ʻenehana kamaʻilio kelepona ʻo 5G, e alakaʻi ia i ka koi ikaika no ka lole aniani uila uila.

 

  Hoʻohana ʻia ka lole aniani aniani uila ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻoikaika, a ua hoʻopili ʻia me nā adhesives i haku ʻia me nā resins like ʻole e hana ai. FR4 pepa a me ka laminate aahu keleawe. Ma ke ʻano he papa maʻamau i nā papa kaapuni i paʻi ʻia (nā papa PCB), he mea kumu nui ia i ka ʻoihana uila.

 

   Hoʻoholo ʻia ka wahi noi mākeke o ka lole fiberglass uila e ka mākeke ma nā kahua kikowaena e like me ke kamaʻilio, ka uila uila, a me nā mea kūʻai aku. I ka wā 5G, e hoʻonui ʻia nā hōʻailona uʻi ʻole i nā alapine kiʻekiʻe. Ma muli o ka like ʻole o ka uhi ʻana o nā kikowaena kumu me ka alapine kamaʻilio, e piʻi nui ana ka nui o nā kikowaena kumu a me nā helu helu kelepona. ʻO ka nui o nā kahua kahua 5G e ʻelua ʻelua o ka manawa 4G. Eia kekahi, aia ma kahi o 10 mau manawa ka nui o nā kahua kahua liʻiliʻi e hoʻoponopono i ka pilikia o ka uhi nāwaliwali a me nā wahi makapō. ʻO ka hoʻonui ʻana o nā kikowaena ʻikepili pūnaewele (IDC) a me nā kahua kahua kamaʻilio e lawe mai i ka koi nui no nā papa PCB kiʻekiʻe.

 

  E hoʻonui ka 5G i ka nui o nā ʻāpana mua o ka RF, e koi ana i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā papa PCB multi-layer nui a me nā substrates kiʻekiʻe a me nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe, a ʻo ka waiwai o kahi papa PCB kahua hoʻokahi. e hoonui loa ia. Me ke kūkulu ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka honua o 5G, e hoʻomaka ke kahua o ka lole fiberglass uila i kahi makahiki gula.

 

(4) ʻO ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka hoʻolālā kūkulu hale ʻāina hou e hāpai i ka piʻi mau a paʻa o ka noi no nā fiber glass hana.

 

  Ke manaʻo nei koʻu ʻāina e kālele i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke kūkulu ʻana "ʻelua hou a me hoʻokahi kaumaha" (ke kūkulu ʻana i nā ʻenehana hou, ke kūkulu ʻana i nā kūlanakauhale hou, ka halihali a me ka mālama wai a me nā hana hana nui ʻē aʻe), ʻo ia ka mea nui o ka "hana hou": 5G kūkulu kahua kahua, UHV, kaʻaahi kaʻa holo kiʻekiʻe waena a me nā wahi nui ʻehiku o ke kaʻa kaʻa kaʻa kaʻa, nā puʻu hoʻoili kaʻa ikehu hou, nā kikowaena ʻikepili nui, naʻauao akamai, a me ka pūnaewele ʻoihana. ʻO kēia mau wahi noi ʻo ia ka laulā i hiki ke uhi ʻia nā mea aniani fiber composite, ka mea e hāpai i ka hoʻonui mau ʻana a paʻa i ka noi no nā fibers aniani hana.

 

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